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INDUSTRY DYNAMICS

No roaming may not be cheap. The Ministry of Industry and In


In response to the cancellation of mobile roaming charges, on April 23, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology official microblog "Technology letter micro-report" responded, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will promote the phasing out of mobile roaming charges in the region according to the national regional development strategy.
The reporter noted that in recent years, the three major telecom operators have launched 4G packages without roaming charges, saying that the price of long-distance, local calls and roaming can be unified. In August last year, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei became the first region in China to achieve inter-provincial cancellation of roaming charges. After the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the call to cancel roaming charges nationwide has gradually begun. However, some users have questioned that the 4G package without roaming is more expensive than the previous roaming fee.
Zou Xueyong, Secretary-General of China Virtual Operator Industry Alliance, told the reporter of "Daily Economic News": "Reducing the roaming fee until the cancellation is an inevitable trend. At present, the operators operate in different provinces. The different tariff standards and different consumption levels are national cancellation roaming charges. A big problem."
● Ministry of Industry and Information Technology: Nearly 40% of users without roaming packages
The roaming fee refers to the fee generated by using the service outside the home of the mobile phone number. In the context of the country's “speed-up and fee reduction”, this 22-year cost has once again become the focus of attention. On April 23, the official microblog of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, “Jianxin WeChat” responded that it would speed up the cancellation of roaming charges. Subsequently, the People’s Daily’s official Weibo commentary suggested that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology should issue a timetable for canceling roaming charges.
In fact, the call to cut down and cancel the roaming fee has been around for a long time. As early as 2007, experts and media called for a reduction in roaming charges. In early 2008, the National Development and Reform Commission organized a hearing to reduce roaming charges. In April 2008, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology set a maximum roaming call fee of 0.6 yuan/minute and 0.4 yuan/minute.
Telecom industry analyst Fu Liang told the "Daily Economic News" reporter that some users mistakenly believe that the price of 0.6 yuan / minute is roaming charges, in fact, this price includes two parts of roaming and long-distance call prices. Since 2014, the three major operators have launched 4G packages without roaming charges. Take China Mobile's 4G flight enjoyment package as an example. The caller has a nationally-used call duration. The caller outside the package has a unified price for long-distance and local calls, and the called party is free.
However, the reporter noted that this unified price may not be lower than the price of local and long-distance calls when there was roaming.
Take China Mobile's 4G flight package as an example. The unified price of long-distance, local calls and roaming beyond the package is divided into 0.19 yuan/minute and 0.25 yuan/minute, while Beijing Mobility Zone has a roaming fee of 25 yuan/ The monthly call price in the package is 0.12 yuan/minute for the city and 0.18 yuan/minute for the long distance.
Regardless of the length of the call and the cost of the package within the package, the "Daily Economic News" reporter assumes that a user calls for 300 minutes, then the fee is 57 yuan under the charging standard of 4G flying package of 0.19 yuan / minute; If the 300 minutes are all local, the original price of 0.12 yuan / minute, the cost is 36 yuan.
In addition, if within 300 minutes, 256 minutes belong to the local dialect, 44 minutes is roaming, calculated according to the city price of 0.12 yuan / minute and the roaming price of 0.6 yuan / minute, the tariff is 57.12 yuan. This means that within 300 minutes, if the roaming time is less than 44 minutes, then the original price of the local and roaming charges is still more cost-effective.
In the response to the cancellation of roaming charges, “Xinxin WeChat” also said that the proportion of users using non-roaming packages is increasing rapidly year by year, nearly 40%, and some users who do not travel frequently prefer to choose for local use. Preferential tariff plan.
In addition to launching a unified price package without roaming charges, the reporter noted that regional cancellation of roaming charges has long been broken. As early as 2013, Guangxi's "North Bay Economic Zone's Tongchengization Development Promotion Plan" proposed to realize the same urbanization of Nanning, Beihai, Fangchenggang and Qinzhou. The mobile phone will be cancelled from July 1, 2013. Intercity call roaming and long distance charges.
Last year, the Yunnan Communications Administration also issued a notice saying that from 0:00 on September 1, 2015, the long-distance call charges and roaming charges incurred by telephone exchanges between Kunming, Qujing, Yuxi and Chuxiong four cities will be cancelled. Billing according to local call charges.
In contrast to the above-mentioned cancellation of roaming charges in the same province, in the context of the integration of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, in August last year, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei achieved the first inter-provincial cancellation of roaming charges.
Fu Liang told the reporter of "Daily Economic News", "This regional cancellation of roaming charges is similar to expanding the original local dialect range, and extending the original local telephone price. For users in the region, there may be no roaming packages than 4G. It’s also worthwhile.”
●Sub-provincial management has eliminated the obstruction of national roaming fees
Since the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei province implemented the cross-province cancellation of roaming charges last year, the call for the total cancellation of roaming charges nationwide has gradually increased.
However, the "Daily Economic News" reporter combed some of China Mobile's tariffs and found that if there is no roaming-free package or does not belong to a specific area, the roaming fee is still based on the caller's 0.6 yuan and 0.4 yuan of the call made by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in 2008. Charged.
In addition, "traffic also has geographical restrictions. Now the traffic launched by the three major operators includes local traffic and national traffic. If you leave the number attribution, local traffic cannot be used." Zou Xueyong pointed out.
In response, the “Xinxin WeChat” stated in its response on April 23 that in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will promote the phasing out of mobile roaming charges in the region; and guide the promotion of enterprises to focus on the unified price package for unused long distance, long distance and roaming. This part of the user needs to gradually expand the scale of users using the unified price package.
In Fu Liang's view, the current price of non-roaming 4G packages is still high overall. If you push such packages to allow more users to enjoy non-roaming services, you need to further reduce the tariff.
For the difficulty in canceling the roaming charges nationwide, many industry experts interviewed by the “Daily Economic News” reporters point to the current provincial operation pattern of the three major operators.
Zou Xueyong pointed out to the reporter of "Daily Economic News" that "the province's tariff standards are based on the local economic development level and the user's consumption level. If the country cancels the roaming fee, it means that the province's number is not different across the country. In this way, operators in economically underdeveloped regions can also use lower-cost numbers in economically developed regions, and operators will have greater pressure."
For example, a 25 yuan/month package in Beijing M-Zone and a 28 yuan/month package in Jiangsu M-Zone have a roaming fee of 0.6 yuan/minute for the domestic caller and 0.4 yuan/minute for the call, but the local caller of the Beijing package is 0.12 yuan. /minute, domestic long-distance distance 0.18 yuan / minute, and Jiangsu package caller local calls and long distance are 0.15 / minute. If there are many long-distance calls, the Jiangsu package is more cost-effective.
"If the roaming fee is canceled nationwide, the management standards, tariff calculations, promotion methods, and performance evaluations of the operators of the provinces must be adjusted accordingly." A communications industry source pointed out.
It is worth noting that the tariff plans introduced by the virtual operators currently operating the mobile resale business do not include roaming charges. In this regard, Zou Xueyong said, "This is because the virtual operators are all unified operations nationwide, so there is no problem of roaming charges."
Taking into account the different levels of consumption in the provinces, Zou Xueyong suggested that the area of ​​cancellation of roaming fees could be gradually expanded. He said, "Now the flow of people between the city and the city has been very frequent, so I think we can cancel the cross-city roaming charges in the same province."